Wrinkles are an inevitable consequence of aging and make us look older. The formation of wrinkles happens in the second layer of the skin, the dermis, which mainly contains proteins called collagen and elastin. Both of these proteins give the skin its firmness and elasticity. As we age, the cell repair mechanism slows down and the network of elastin and collagen begins to break down. This initially creates fine lines and eventually deep folds.
On this page you will find the following information about wrinkles:
- What are wrinkles
- Causes of wrinkles
- How can you prevent wrinkles?
- How to care for skin with fine lines and wrinkles
- Tips if you have wrinkles
- The best products against premature skin aging
Dr. Francis Wu on wrinkles
Below explains Dr. Francis Wu briefly about the complaints, causes and solutions
A wrinkle is defined as a permanent or temporary fold in the surface of the skin
One wrinkle line is not the other. Wrinkles can be divided into static and dynamic wrinkles.
- Static Wrinkles: These wrinkles are always present even though there is no mimic movement of the person. The combination of repetitive movement of the underlying muscle and a decrease in collagen and elastin cause this wrinkle shape. Also by reduction of fat tissue and shrinkage of underlying bone structures, such as bones around the eyes and cheeks. Together, this causes skin slackening and wrinkles. The older the person, the more static wrinkles.
- Dynamic wrinkles: are wrinkles that are only visible with movement of the underlying muscle. Examples are frown lines, forehead wrinkles, crow’s feet, Smoker’s lines. These wrinkles can occur at a young age.
Tips when you have wrinkles
Below are tips from Dr. Francis Wu
Tip: make sure your skin is 'more acidic'
Research has shown that the ‘ideal’ acidity for the skin is pH 4.7. pH Is the measure of the acidity of an aqueous solution. pH neutral has a value of 7. For example, lemon (acid) has a pH value of 2 and liquid soap (alkaline) has a pH value of 10.
A Korean study investigated the influence of pH and wrinkle depth in 300 volunteer women from Korea, Singapore and Vietnam. It was concluded that factors such as hydration, melanin (pigment), transepidermal water loss (TEWL), sebum and skin temperature influence the pH value. Wrinkle formation decreased significantly as skin pH became more acidic.
Tip: Bakuchiol, vitamin A alternative
If you have sensitive skin and want to use something different, Bakuchiol is an option. Bakuchiol is a component found in Ayurvedic and traditional Chinese medicine. This oil extract comes from the seeds and leaves of the babchi plant. It has traditionally been used for its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Research shows that Bakuchiol can combat skin aging. It is a good alternative to vitamin A acid. Although Bakuchiol and vitamin A have no similarity in chemical structure, both components stimulate the same gene expression: they activate collagen stimulation and can counteract the formation of pigment spots.
Tip: UV protection
There are two different ultraviolet radiation (UV) that reach the Earth’s surface. Those are UVA and UVB rays.
UVA rays are present with relatively equal intensity during all daylight hours throughout the year, and can penetrate clouds and glass. These UVA rays make up the largest part of the ultraviolet radiation, so more than UVB.
UVA rays are not felt on the skin. These rays cause free radical formation in the dermis, which destroys your collagen and elastic fibers.
3 x UV(A) – Asymptomatic (doesn’t feel it), Always present, Aging of the skin
UVB penetrates into the superficial epidermis and is responsible for our vitamin D production. So for a slow and longer lasting tan. Too much UVB causes redness, sunburn and eventually also skin aging and skin cancer. Unlike UVA, UVB does not penetrate glass. UVB radiation can be up to 1000x stronger than UVA rays.
Tip: Avoid highly concentrated cosmetic ingredients?
Highly concentrated cosmetic ingredients such as vitamins A and C can be more irritating to people with sensitive skin, people using the product for the first time and Asians. The resulting skin irritation can lead to unwanted redness, burning, eczema and pigment spots.
Your skin has a barrier function and works like a funnel. The reduction of wrinkles does not go faster by adding more and more highly concentrated ingredients.
Extra tip: look for airless closed dispensers instead of open cream jars or pipette serum bottles. The antioxidants in these open containers react with oxygen. As a result, the effect is gone faster.
Tip: skin care ingredients
Over the years, people have searched for the secret of eternal youth, but a perfect elixir has not yet been developed. However, technology has made significant progress in skin-improving products.
On the one hand, there is a group of antioxidants consisting of vitamins such as C, E, Niacinamide (vitamin B3), Coenzyme Q10, green tea extract, polyphenols, flavonoids. This group reduces collagen degradation by attacking ROS (free radicals).
The other group are cell regulators, examples of which are vitamin A (retinol, tretinoid), peptides and growth factors. They have a direct effect on collagen stimulation in the deep layer of the skin. This is a gradual process.
Tretinoin stimulates skin cell renewal by accelerating exfoliation and also stimulates young collagen. It takes at least 6 months for a good collagen build-up. The disadvantage is that it irritates the skin at high concentrations of tretinoin, often resulting in redness and burning. It is also not suitable for pregnant women.
The best products against premature skin aging
Below you will find some products that can help you take care of your skin.
- All products have the ideal pH 5 acidity – for good skin resistance and skin barrier.
- Vegan, Zero Plastic inside
- Iconic Elements skincare has been named the Best Holistic skincare line 2022 by EU Business News.
What our customers think of our products
Frequently asked questions about premature skin aging
Vitamin A such as tretinoin or retinol stimulates skin cell renewal by accelerating scaling and also stimulates young collagen. The downside is that it can irritate the skin, causing redness, burning and pigmentation may result. Especially for people with sensitive / eczema skin, it is also not suitable for pregnant women. And it takes at least 6 months for a good collagen build-up.
The basis is daily cleaning your skin 2 x a day, use mineral sun protection filters such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. The filters give the least skin reactions and protect the skin immediately after application.
Ingredients such as peptide, growth factors, bakuchiol, Coenzyme Q10, Astaxanthin or Niacinamide (vitamin B3) are suitable against premature skin aging for people with sensitive skin.
Smearing with collagen enriched cream is trending right now. The problem is that the molecular size of the collagen used (expressed in Dalton, molecular mass expressed in g/mol) is too large to penetrate the skin. Whether it works remains to be seen. Studies has shown that it does not. However, the added collagen can contribute to hydration of the skin.
Iconic Elements Anti-aging cream contains a vitamin C, E and a plant hormone ferulic acid. These 3 ingredients reinforce each other's effects. The anti-oxidant effect is enhanced up to 8 times, much more than if you only used vitamin C or E.
In addition, the product is in an airless dispenser, so contact with air is minimal. This keeps ingredients fresh and active longer.
Customers with sensitive skin or allergies to perfume have a good experience.